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Striking a Balance: Work-Health-Personal Life Conflict in Women and Men with Arthritis and its Association with Work Outcomes


Autor/in:

Gignac, Monique; Lacaille, Diane; Beaton, Dorcas E. [u. a.]


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 2014, Volume 24 (Number 3), Seite 573-584, Dordrecht: Springer Niederlande, ISSN: 1053-0487 (Print); 1573-3688 (Online)


Jahr:

2014



Abstract:


Purpose:

To examine men and women's perceptions of inter-role balance/imbalance in work, arthritis, and personal roles and its association with demographic, health and employment factors, including job stress, career satisfaction, job disruptions, absenteeism and perceived productivity losses.

Methods:

Participants were employed, aged ?40 years and diagnosed with osteoarthritis or inflammatory arthritis. They were recruited through community advertising and rheumatology clinics in two Canadian provinces. Respondents completed a 35-45 min telephone interview and a 20-min self-administered questionnaire assessing role perceptions [(arthritis negatively impacts work (A -> W); work/personal life negatively impact arthritis (W/P -> A); work as a positive role (W +))], demographic, health and work context information. Analyses included exploratory factor analysis and multivariate regressions.

Results:

Findings revealed similarities between men (n = 104) and women (n = 248) in health, work and role perceptions, although women reported more benefits of working with arthritis (W+) than men. Some gender differences were found in factors associated with inter-role perceptions highlighting the importance of children, fatigue, unpredictable work hours, job control, and workplace activity limitations. Role perceptions were associated with work outcomes but only one perception, W/P -> A, interacted with gender. Among men, greater perceptions that work and personal demands interfered with managing arthritis were associated with more job disruptions.

Conclusions:

This study revealed negative and positive inter-role perceptions related to working with a chronic illness and associations with work outcomes. It highlights potentially modifiable factors that could assess risk and inform interventions to improve role balance and working experiences.


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Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Homepage: https://link.springer.com/journal/10926

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA8112


Informationsstand: 27.08.2014

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