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Self-Reported Work Ability Predicts Rehabilitation Measures, Disability Pensions, Other Welfare Benefits, and Work Participation

Longitudinal Findings from a Sample of German Employees



Autor/in:

Bethge, Matthias; Spanier, Katja; Peters, Elke [u. a.]


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 2018, Volume 28 (Number 3), Seite 495-503, Dordrecht: Springer Niederlande, ISSN: 1053-0487 (Print); 1573-3688 (Online)


Jahr:

2018



Link(s):


Link zu dem Beitrag (HTML).


Abstract:


Purpose:

The study examined the performance of the Work Ability Index in predicting rehabilitation measures and disability pensions, sickness absence and unemployment benefits, and work participation among a sample of workers previously receiving sickness absence benefits.

Methods:

Workers aged 40 to 54 years who received sickness absence benefits in 2012 completed the Work Ability Index in 2013. Outcomes were extracted from administrative data records.

Results:

Data for 2149 participants were included (mean age: 47.8 years; 54.4 % women). Mean follow-up was 19 months. Work Ability Index scores were poor (7-27 points) in 21% of the participants, and moderate (28-36 points) in 38.4 %. In all, 224 rehabilitation measures and 35 disability pensions were approved. Fully adjusted analyses showed increased risk of rehabilitation measures in workers with poor (HR 4.55; 95% CI 3.14-6.60) and moderate scores (HR 2.08; 95% CI 1.43-3.01) compared to workers with good or excellent scores (37-49 points). The risk of a disability pension increased significantly for workers with poor scores (HR 7.78; 95 % CI 2.59-23.35). In addition, poor scores were prospectively associated with a longer duration of sickness absence and employment benefits, and fewer employment days and less income from regular employment.

Conclusions:

The Work Ability Index is a potential tool for following up workers who already have an increased risk of permanent work disability due to previous long-term sickness absence.


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Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis / Online-Publikation




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Homepage: https://link.springer.com/journal/10926

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA7579


Informationsstand: 18.09.2018

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