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The Friction Model: A dynamic model of functioning, disability and contextual factors and its conceptual and practical applicability


Autor/in:

Borg, J.; Larsson, Stig; Ostergren, P. O.; Eide, Arne H.


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Disability and Rehabilitation, 2010, Volume 32 (Number 21), Seite 1790-1797, London: Informa Healthcare, ISSN: 0963-8288 (Print); 1464-5165 (Online)


Jahr:

2010



Abstract:


Purpose:

To develop a model of the dynamics of functioning, disability and contextual factors which harmonises with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

Method:

Model parts based on ICF were identified and a model drawing from engineering concepts was developed. The conceptual and practical applicability of the model was discussed.

Results:

The so called Friction Model was created, which incorporates the ICF entities capacity, performance, environmental factors, health condition, body functions and structures, and personal factors. Friction describes the interaction between a person and his or her environment. The coefficient of friction is defined as the ratio between capacity and performance.

Conclusion:

Carrying conceptual strengths and limitations, the Friction Model appears to offer opportunities for practical applications, including ICF-based alternatives to health-economic analyses. Harmonising with the ICF model and terminology, the model uses friction to describe the interaction between a person and the environment. The coefficient of friction can be used as a simple measure of how facilitating an environment is. The applicability is not limited to functioning of people with impairments.


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Schlagworte:


Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Disability and Rehabilitation
Homepage: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/idre20/current

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA5186


Informationsstand: 09.07.2010

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