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Factors Associated With Quality of Life among People with Spinal Cord Injury: Application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Model


Autor/in:

Chang, Feng-Hang; Wang, Yen-Ho; Jang, Yuh; Wang, Chih-Wen


Herausgeber/in:

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPM&R)


Quelle:

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2012, Volume 93 (Number 12), Seite 2264-2270, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Saunders, ISSN: 0003-9993 (Print); 1532-821X (Online)


Jahr:

2012



Abstract:


Objective:

To identify the factors that influence an individuals' quality of life (QOL) following spinal cord injury (SCI) based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework.

Design:

Cross-sectional exploratory study.

Setting:

Taiwan community.

Participation:

Community dwelling adults (N=341), who had suffered a SCI at least one year previously, and were between the ages of 18 and 60.

Interventions:

Not applicable.

Main outcome measure(s):

A combination of self-report questionnaire and interview. The dependent variable, QOL, was measured by the World Health Organization Quality of Life -BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), while the independent variables, participation, activity, impairment and contextual factors, were measured using the Frenchay Activity Index (FAI), Barthel Index (BI), and a demographic form.

Results:

Multivariate analysis results indicated that participation, activity and marital status are significant factors in the QOL outcome. Results also indicated that, among the various factors that affect each domain of QOL (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment), participation was the strongest determinant.

Conclusions:

The ICF provided an excellent framework with which to explore the factors influencing QOL following SCI. The results demonstrated that marital status, participation, and activity exert the strongest influence on QOL, while impairment and other variables do not directly influence QOL.


Weitere Informationen:


Schlagworte:
Informationen in der ICF:


Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Homepage: https://www.archives-pmr.org/

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA4698


Informationsstand: 29.06.2012

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