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Psychosocial work environment, hearing impairment and health


Danermark, Berth; Gellerstedt, L. C.


British Society of Audiology; International Society of Audiology; Nordisk audiologisk selskab


International Journal of Audiology, 2004, Band 43 (Heft 7), Seite 383-389, London: Informa Healthcare, ISSN: 1499-2027 (Print); 1708-8186 (Online)




This article summarizes results from a study of hearing-impaired men and women in the labour force in Sweden. A questionnaire about psychosocial work environment (in accordance with the Demand-Control Model), health and wellbeing was sent out and answered by 445 hearing-impaired people, 20-64 years of age. A large reference group had previously answered the same questionnaire.

The results indicate that imbalances between demand and control (i.e. high demand and low control, so-called high stress work type) is more common among hearing-impaired people than in the reference group. The outcome of the combination high demand and low control among hearing-impaired people is (much) worse than among hearing-impaired people with other work types (passive. active, low stress).

Hearing-impaired people with the high-stress work type more frequently report bad physical health status and psychological wellbeing regarding a number of indicators There is, moreover, a tendency for women to be worse off than men. Our data suggest that those involved in audiological rehabilitation should pay great attention to hearing-impaired people with jobs that can be characterized as high stress.

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International Journal of Audiology

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Informationsstand: 27.10.2005

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