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Linking the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health


Silva Drummond, Adriana; Ferreira Sampaio, Rosana; Cotta Mancini, Marisa; Noce Kirkwood, Renata; Stamm, Tanja A.


American Society of Hand Therapists


Journal of Hand Therapy, 2007, Volume 20 (Number 4), Seite 336-344, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Hanley and Belfus, ISSN: 0894-1130 (Print); 1545-004X (Online)




The objective of this study was to explore whether the items from a specific outcome measure, that is, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH), for quantifying limb symptoms and functions in musculoskeletal disorders fit into the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). All DASH items were compared to the ICF according to eight linking rules.

Two groups of researchers performed the linking independently, and the results were compared by correlation. The 30 DASH items and four items from the optional modules were linked to 63 ICF categories and 11 chapters: 15 categories belong to the ICF body functions component and 48 to the activities and participation component.

There were no items coded under the components body structure or environmental factors. Kappa index showed an agreement of 0.73 (p smaller than 0.001).

The results showed that the content of the DASH does link well with the ICF framework. Clinicians and researchers must attend to the fact that certain domains and categories from the ICF are not covered by the DASH. Limitations of the instrument may be overcome by simultaneously using other instruments that address the intended content.

Weitere Informationen:

Informationen in der ICF:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis


Journal of Hand Therapy

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Informationsstand: 01.06.2011

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